Fiona Bruce on 40 years of Query Time: ‘it is the place the truth confronts the rhetoric’ | Tv & radio


Query Time turns 40 on the finish of this month. The BBC establishment shouldn’t be proof against that birthday’s explicit mixture of disaster and denial. Whereas the programme’s 25th 12 months was marked with affectionate celebration and nostalgic retrospectives, this time round there shall be little fanfare. Largely, you think about, like many people who’ve skilled that midlife milestone, the present would ideally wish to take to its mattress in a darkened room to stress about its blood strain and its sell-by date, and to relive these golden years earlier than any red-faced viewers member ever yelled the phrases “no deal” or “confirmatory vote” or “the Irish backstop”.

For individuals who maintain to the concept politics and journalism must be extra about listening than lecturing, extra about knowledgeable doubt than offended certainty, Query Time has for a protracted whereas been an uncomfortable watch. For the reason that redoubtable charmer David Dimbleby lastly threw within the towel after 25 years, aged 80, in December, the most popular seat in British broadcasting has belonged to Fiona Bruce, who maintains a measure of order with a combination of fine humour and exasperation and that judiciously raised eyebrow. Her early outings on the present have been praised for his or her briskness and confidence. As this lengthy 12 months has worn on, nevertheless, she has, like the remainder of us, seemed a bit extra beleaguered. She was not 20 minutes into the primary present after the summer season break earlier than she was calling a time-out to the partisan bickering: “We’re higher than this.” Most proof within the present public sq. means that we’re not.

I met her final Monday, on the similar second that her equal within the Home of Commons, John Bercow, was saying his departure. She had been instrumental, the week earlier than, in bringing again Query Time sooner than scheduled “as a result of all of us felt it was vital for folks to have the ability to maintain their elected representatives to account within the absence of parliament”. Was there part of her that wished she had caught to Pretend Or Fortune?, The Antiques Roadshow and the information?

The primary episode of Query Time is broadcast on BBC One on 25 September, hosted by Robin Day. The panel – “There they’re and right here we go” – consists of the Labour MP Michael Foot, Edna O’Brien, the Tory MP Teddy Taylor and the archbishop of Liverpool Derek Worlock. The format is predicated on Radio 4’s Any Questions?

A particular Query Time episode from Brussels with the previous Tory PM Edward Heath, the Labour MP Robin Cook dinner and the SDP co-founder Roy Jenkins.

Robin Day declares his retirement. Peter Sissons takes over till 1993. The BBC begins filming the present in several areas. 

David Dimbleby succeeds Sissons. Within the mid 90s, there’s a change in format, whereby viewers members vote on the finish of the present utilizing voting pads. 

Faculties Query Time launches, the intention being to enhance political literacy and communication expertise.

Query Time makes historical past through the common election by that includes a face to face between the three predominant social gathering leaders – Tony Blair, Michael Howard and Charles Kennedy. 

The present data its highest figures so far, peaking at 8.3 million viewers when the BNP chief, Nick Griffin, seems on the panel. David Dimbleby misses chairing an episode for the primary time in 15 years, having been injured by a bullock on his farm. John Humphrys steps in.

David Dimbleby declares his retirement after 25 years and 914 episodes. Fiona Bruce replaces him. 

Query Time is the BBC’s most tweeted-about present in 2018.

To this point, 1,413 episodes of Query Time have aired and the present has about 2 million viewers per episode.

She insists none in any respect. “In the meanwhile, Query Time occupies a lot psychological vitality [for me]. However I inform myself a) occasions won’t all the time be this fraught, and b) I’ll get extra used to it. So it received’t all the time be like this.”

I want I shared her confidence. That first week again she gave in to the inevitable and the viewers talked Brexit and prorogation for the entire hour. Why?

“After we get the questions in from the viewers, we try to plot a manner via the programme. However final week the plan was simply to attempt to discover a manner ahead [in the current political stalemate].”

She started that quest by asking the viewers prematurely to sign whether or not they have been remainers or leavers, roundheads or cavaliers. The gesture seemed like a pre-emptive strike to appease these critics who see bias within the BBC’s each utterance.

In fact, it achieved no such factor. Query Time has an even bigger Twitter response within the UK than any programme aside from Love Island. Every episode of the programme has lengthy since grow to be a real-time media research lesson. Bruce and the panel and chosen members of the viewers are freeze-framed for proof of Brexit collusion or Remoaner conspiracy. Nobody, it could possibly appear on Twitter no less than, is immune to those tribal knee-jerks. Iain Dale, the LBC presenter and Tory commentator, who was a visitor on that first present, was thrilled to notice the enhance it had given to his on-line following. He instantly fed that crowd by tweeting a tally of the period of time every panellist had been allowed to talk. Even supposing by far probably the most newsworthy second of that programme concerned Labour’s Emily Thornberry being uncovered explaining the absurdist contradictions of her social gathering’s present coverage, Dale used the info to assist his perception that there was an anti-Brexit conspiracy on the present.


Fiona Bruce makes debut as Query Time host – video

Bruce rolls her eyes just a bit. “Final week, it was six folks on the panel [instead of the usual five] and that positively made it more durable,” she says. “However I feel there’s little level counting the minutes and seconds every individual will get. Partly as a result of it’s good to take the political illustration over the sequence slightly than one snapshot programme, and naturally how a lot you speak doesn’t essentially mirror how a lot affect you’ve got.”

Query Time was born in an analogous second of political polarisation: 1979, the primary 12 months of the Thatcher authorities. As the primary chair, Sir Robin Day, mentioned, it was an experiment in placing politicians in entrance of “what’s described in TV circles as ‘actual folks’ to differentiate them from individuals who work in tv”. It was the third episode earlier than a cupboard minister, Michael Heseltine, appeared, and supplied himself as a slightly grandiose conductor of the viewers’s discontent. Watching these early episodes now, you’ve got a way of a distinct form of relationship between panel and questioners. There is a bit more common politeness from the latter, and a level of tension about being the goal of Day’s gruff wit. Within the years since then, many issues have modified. However the obvious one is that folks now have extra observe and alternative in broadcasting opinions – and perception of their should be heard.

Within the early days of social media, Dimbleby used to learn out the present’s Twitter hashtag within the fashion of a excessive court docket decide introduced with the most recent style in tattoos. Latterly, he acknowledged the extremely vocal “viewers at residence” as an important a part of the attain of the present. Our higher entry to politicians, and to commenting on their each gesture, has led to 2 issues: their calibre has apparently fallen, and the collective distrust of them has grown. Does Bruce assume the connection is retrievable?

“The one factor that Query Time nonetheless does which different programmes can not do is minimize via the political messaging,” she says. “I all the time ask folks to be well mannered; generally they’re very direct. And as any politician is aware of, should you face the general public instantly, something can occur. Have a look at Boris Johnson in West Yorkshire the opposite day – you simply don’t know who’s going to shake your hand and politely inform you to ‘depart their city’. That’s the place the jeopardy comes on Query Time and never all politicians wish to come on it, for that purpose.”

Sir Robin Day, Question Time’s first presenter.



Sir Robin Day, Query Time’s first presenter. {Photograph}: Mirrorpix/Alamy

Those that do hardly ever appear to have the time or the inclination to utter something aside from practised social gathering traces. Hasn’t it really grow to be one more alternative for the 2 tribes that now make up our nation to show their colors, and to let off some steam?

“It may be cathartic, folks wish to vent on Brexit, however I nonetheless assume it really works finest when folks need a solution to a particular query. For instance, I bear in mind Nigel Farage was on – he has really solely been on as soon as since I began – and somebody requested him: ‘What different nation trades solely on WTO guidelines?’ The person within the viewers simply stored making an attempt to get him to call one, which he didn’t. The perfect factor, on Query Time, is when the truth confronts the rhetoric.”

In his personal recollections of the programme, Day talked about that he regretted not having a higher say in selecting panellists. Has Bruce managed to win that concession?

“I do become involved,” she says. “It will be fantastic if I may sit there and say: ‘let’s have Michael Gove this week’, or no matter. However sadly it isn’t like that. Largely there’s a member of the federal government and a member of the opposition put ahead, after which the remainder is labored out over a 12 months to get truthful illustration.”

Farage, who has a tremendous look document, appears to have been a very lucky beneficiary of that system…

“Not as wonderful as Ken Clarke, who has been on it 59 occasions, I feel.”

However whereas Clarke has held lots of the highest places of work within the land over half a century, Farage has been on 33 occasions having by no means been elected an MP…

“I’m not totally throughout why that was,” Bruce says. “It was earlier than my time. He got here on with me after the European elections, as soon as, which appeared affordable, as he led the biggest social gathering.”

Question Time in London, 5 September 2019: (left to right) Layla Moran, Richard Tice, Emily Thornberry, Fiona Bruce, Kwasi Kwarteng, Ian Blackford, Iain Dale.



Query Time in London, 5 September 2019: (left to proper) Layla Moran, Richard Tice, Emily Thornberry, Fiona Bruce, Kwasi Kwarteng, Ian Blackford, Iain Dale. {Photograph}: Common Information And Sport (Europe)

In some methods Bruce’s personal appointment appeared an odd selection on the time. It was typically accepted that whoever would exchange Dimbleby needed to be a lady, however others amongst what Bruce sweetly calls “the BBC sisterhood” – Mishal Husain, Kirsty Wark, Emily Maitlis – had arguably a higher depth of political expertise. Bruce, by all accounts, aced the audition course of, which concerned a observe stay present. Her apparently impermeable good humour was little question an element. Anybody who took the factor extra to coronary heart would in all probability go bonkers after a few weeks.

You don’t need to spend lengthy in her firm to grasp that her Antiques Roadshow bonhomie isn’t just for the cameras. There’s a cloak of cheery confidence about her. A 2009 look on Who Do You Assume You Are? revealed a number of the roots of that, when she traced her father’s household again to an impoverished fishing village in Scotland. Her previous man had escaped that, a substantial autodidact, to make it from the submit room to the boardroom at Unilever.

Would she say that he had imbued his youngest youngster with a way that something was potential?

“He by no means mentioned that in so many phrases. However sure, given the place he got here from and what he did, I feel subconsciously I’ve all the time felt that.”

When Query Time got here her manner, she adopted Dimbleby’s apparent recommendation and simply tried to be herself.

“I’m a easy soul,” she says, not fairly believably. “And also you don’t have time to dissemble on stay TV even should you wished to. Every little thing is occurring round you and also you simply react. In the event you have been additionally making an attempt to be a personality, I’m unsure how you’ll try this.”

Day particularly gave the present its knockabout gravitas by being a political insider. Would she depend politicians amongst her pals?

“That’s not the world I’ve inhabited. God, who is aware of how lengthy I’ll do that and if that may change. However I feel it’s wholesome for me to maintain a distance.”

That sense of perspective, of an outsider’s eye, she suggests, is rooted in a childhood that started in Singapore the place her father ran Unilever’s east Asian operation.

“I didn’t develop up on this British system,” she says. The household got here again briefly to stay on the Wirral when she was six. Then later, till she was 14, she was despatched to a world college in Milan, “a Tower of Babel of various languages and nationalities”. Her finest buddy was Norwegian, and so they stay shut. She returned from Milan, the place she combined with the “children of worldwide enterprise folks”, to a complete in New Cross, south London, one other “huge adjustment”. From there, she used the language expertise she needed to win a spot at Oxford, the place she was “all in favour of girls’s politics and having a superb time”. She was very briefly a protester at Greenham Frequent; she fronted a punky band and dyed her hair blue (however just for per week). She was not concerned in pupil social gathering politics, and by no means a member of any social gathering “as a result of no social gathering has ever had enough pull for me. And that’s simply as effectively now.”

David Dimbleby with guest Tony Blair in 2000.



David Dimbleby with visitor Tony Blair in 2000. {Photograph}: Chris Ison/PA

Her need to enter journalism got here fairly late. She labored on the administration consultancy Accenture for a 12 months, with ethereal concepts of an MBA, however spent a lot of it crying within the loos. She escaped to a job in promoting for 4 years – “had a blast” – and met her husband of 25 years, Nigel Sharrocks, who was a director on the BMP company. She ultimately talked her manner right into a job as a researcher on Panorama after she met its editor at a marriage.

She turned the primary girl to have introduced each Information at Six and Information at 10. Does she consider herself as a presenter or a journalist?

“I consider myself as a journalist in the beginning.”

Earlier than Dimbleby took on the Query Time job, Jeremy Paxman auditioned. By some accounts he savaged each the panel and the viewers. Does Bruce really feel TV journalism needs to be combative to get on the reality?

“Not all the time. I had carried out debate programmes earlier than and very often you go into them pondering: ‘I would have to construct some vitality within the room.’ On Query Time, the reverse is true. Quite a lot of the time, I’m simply making an attempt to not have it flip right into a slanging match. You need some warmth within the programme, however you want extra gentle than warmth. I feel if I don’t try this, generally it’s simply going to run away and be extremely unwell tempered. Who needs to observe that?”

The reply to that query is probably: fairly lots of people. For some time, in additional politically steady occasions, there gave the impression to be an effort to ask largely profession contrarians on the programme in case it turned uninteresting. Ten years in the past, there was appreciable furore round the looks of BNP chief Nick Griffin. Greater than Eight million folks – almost thrice the common viewers, and nonetheless simply a document – tuned in to see him undone by Jack Straw and Bonnie Greer. May Bruce think about having a determine like Tommy Robinson on?

The factor about Griffin was that he had grow to be an MEP, Bruce says. “If Robinson hasn’t received illustration via a nationwide election, then the query wouldn’t come up.”

Fiona Bruce on Antiques Roadshow.



Fiona Bruce on Antiques Roadshow. {Photograph}: Anna Gordon/The Guardian

The viewers urge for food for one thing of a political ruck, nevertheless, seems to have sharpened, ingrained by the winner-takes-all mentality of first previous the submit, and a distrust of coalition and compromise. Since concerning the time Query Time first appeared on our screens, it could possibly be argued that we have now elevated the demand for politicians to entertain us, to be vibrant slightly than competent. We’re, you would possibly say, now reaping that exact whirlwind.

The current prime minister was a daily fixture on Dimbleby’s Query Time panels. He performed a attribute half in some of the memorable exchanges on the programme, when the panel debated the award of a knighthood to Salman Rushdie in 2007. Dame Shirley Williams, surprisingly and to her discredit, recommended that the honour was unwell judged because it risked insulting some Muslim teams and inflaming tensions. The late Christopher Hitchens made a sturdy defence of the novelist’s proper to offend, with a righteous erudition hardly ever heard on British TV. When Johnson’s flip got here, he inevitably ducked that nuanced and principled argument, and as a substitute mumbled a crowd-pleasing want that the knighthood had gone to an English novelist with “a grasp of plot and character”: Dick Francis was his suggestion.
One results of that ongoing need for politicians that search for straightforward applause, slightly than confronting exhausting decisions, is a way of debate as a zero-sum sport, slightly than an try to seek out consensus. The clips that development on Twitter from Query Time are sometimes prefaced by the language of cage preventing: “Watch X get owned by Y”; “Y tears Z a brand new one”. The clips are adopted by dialogue during which folks shout intemperately on Twitter about Query Time being unwatchable as a result of it displays a nation during which folks shout intemperately.

It’s exhausting to see that mood cooling. Does Bruce think about that she would possibly quickly have to begin programmes by asking everybody to play properly?

“I don’t wish to be the schoolmarm. You simply need to sense the sensation within the room. We had one man who turned so irate he stood up and began haranguing one of many panellists. I needed to inform him to take a seat down, which sounded a bit odd.”

Crowds outside New Broadcasting House in central London protest against then BNP leader Nick Griffin’s 2009 Question Time appearance.



Crowds outdoors New Broadcasting Home in central London protest towards then BNP chief Nick Griffin’s 2009 Query Time look. {Photograph}: Andy Rain/EPA

The opposite armchair Query Time sport is the chance is supplies for the present nationwide pastime of bias-hunting. It’s good fodder for individuals who would slightly put our present political deadlock right down to a misjudged sneer from John Humphrys on the Right now programme, or a solution minimize quick by Fiona Bruce, than to 3 a long time of rising inequality and underinvestment in infrastructure and expertise. The BBC has been discovered wanting in numerous methods in reporting our political meltdown, however those that, just like the Labour peer Andrew Adonis, name it “the Brexit Broadcasting Company”, or conversely, together with Nigel Farage, characterise it as “the enemy” must be cautious what they need for.

“The BBC worth I aspire to characterize on Query Time is just impartiality,” Bruce says. “From what I can inform on social media folks assume the programme is just too rightwing. And once you have a look at the viewers analysis we get folks pondering it’s too leftwing. I can solely hope we fall between these two and plot a course down the center.”

The issue is that the center floor now not seems to exist, at the same time as a extensively held aspiration. Bruce can appear to be a simple goal for these political forces that wish to recommend the BBC is the voice of a supposed metropolitan elite. She has houses in Hampstead and Oxfordshire, and has been recognized to write down about good holidays for the Telegraph. I ponder if she thinks the scrutiny of the company on the whole and Query Time particularly has been helped or hindered by publishing presenters’ and journalists’ salaries? (Bruce’s was reportedly between £350,00zero and £400,00zero earlier than she accepted the Query Time job.)

“I feel it’s a superb factor,” she says. “I feel it has been useful for ladies. And I feel: why not?”

Does she not assume common earners would possibly have a look at these numbers and assume: why on earth are taxpayers paying TV presenters 4 occasions as a lot because the prime minister?

“I can perceive that. And I really feel extremely fortunate to be doing the roles I do and be remunerated as I’m.”

Does she see any hazard of turning into too far faraway from the folks she is giving voice to, the viewers and the viewers?

“I don’t assume that. However I additionally assume that’s partly why I can not see myself turning into the one who goes to Westminster events and so forth. I see my function on the programme as serving to the viewers get their solutions.”


David Dimbleby throws out Query Time viewers member – video

You consider Bruce when she says she has the need to flee from work, although it may be all-encompassing. “I am going and stroll the canine or go horse-riding or no matter it’s within the nice outdoor and that, for me, is a switch-off,” she says. “My daughter doesn’t like to speak about politics, although my son does, however which means we speak about it at residence lower than we would. I attempt not to have a look at my cellphone. There was a interval the place I had Trump’s tweets arising and that received in my head, so I finished. However these final couple of weeks it has been inconceivable, clearly. We had folks spherical for dinner on the weekend, and it was all dominated by Amber Rudd’s resigning.”

We speak a bit concerning the historical past of Query Time. The time David Metal and David Owen proposed their political pact on air; and the time there was a wedding proposal within the viewers and an terrible delay earlier than a “sure”.

“It’s clear the tenor of it has modified a lot,” she says. “When Jilly Cooper was on she used to convey champagne and smoked salmon for everybody. Then once more, somebody as soon as threw a bread roll at Tony Blair on the finish of the present and we haven’t had that but.” If the present holds a mirror as much as Britain, what does it presently appear to be from the place she is sitting?

“We’re simply so offended,” she says. “And other people really feel so let down and never listened to and unrepresented, on either side. It isn’t a cheerful nation in any respect in the meanwhile.”

Does she not concern, no matter insanity occurs within the coming months, that if she sits there for an additional 5 years, or 10 years, each present goes to be about Brexit and its penalties?

She winces on the thought. “That may’t occur can it? Absolutely years of negotiating the trivialities of commerce offers behind closed doorways won’t be the identical?”

It solely received’t be the identical, I recommend, if we belatedly rediscover the humanities of consensus, listening, taking over board professional information, and studying easy methods to disagree higher. Bruce fervently believes that Query Time has a job to play in that, and likewise in serving to the nation to plot a course via the present mess.

I like her confidence. Of all of the mail and response she has had over these final 9 months, I ask, has she acquired a single letter or tweet or electronic mail from somebody saying: ‘Thanks to Query Time for serving to me to see issues in a distinct gentle and for altering my view on this topic?’”

She laughs on the thought. “What do you assume?” she says.



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