How two Soviet-born emigres made it into elite Trump circles — and the middle of the impeachment storm


Lev Parnas, a Ukrainian-born emigre, appeared at a darkish time in Donald Trump’s presidential marketing campaign. Lower than a month earlier than the election, main GOP donors had been spooked by the revelation that Trump boasted about grabbing ladies throughout a recording of the tv present “Entry Hollywood.”

Parnas had by no means been a participant in nationwide Republican politics. However the onetime stockbroker selected that second to ship a $50,000 donation to Trump’s marketing campaign and the Republican Occasion, and it rapidly opened doorways.

The contribution helped propel Parnas and his enterprise associate, Belarus-born Igor Fruman, on a very speedy rise into the higher echelon of Trump allies — earlier than they grew to become central figures within the presidential impeachment inquiry.

By spring 2018, the 2 males had dined with Trump, breakfasted together with his son and attended unique occasions at Mar-a-Lago and the White Home, all whereas jetting all over the world and spending lavishly, significantly at Trump motels in New York and Washington. That Could, a pro-Trump tremendous PAC reported receiving a $325,000 donation from an vitality firm the duo had just lately fashioned. 

The place Parnas and Fruman obtained their cash stays a thriller. After they had been arrested final week on marketing campaign finance violations, prosecutors alleged that Parnas and Fruman had been backed partly by an unnamed Russian nationwide who used them to funnel donations to state and federal candidates.

This summer season, Parnas had begun working as a translator for the authorized workforce of Dmytro Firtash, an Ukrainian gasoline tycoon who faces bribery costs within the U.S., based on Victoria Toensing, one in every of Firtash’s attorneys. The vitality magnate has been accused by federal prosecutors of getting ties to Russian organized crime and has been combating extradition to the USA from Austria. Firtash has denied wrongdoing.

As they scaled the ranks of Trump’s Washington, Parnas and Fruman demonstrated a outstanding facility for capitalizing on their newfound connections, based on individuals who noticed them. Additionally they gave the impression to be always in pursuit of latest enterprise ventures — “at all times hustling,” within the phrases of 1 Trump ally who interacted with them.

In 2018, they employed the president’s private lawyer, Rudolph W. Giuliani, to function a marketing consultant as they launched a safety enterprise — after which helped Giuliani, in flip, attain Ukrainian officers in his quest to search out data damaging to Democrats.

Throughout a go to to Israel final summer season sponsored by a pro-Israel charity, Parnas and Fruman had been “mega-dropping Rudy’s title” as they snapped images with well-known figures, based on former White Home communications director Anthony Scaramucci, who was additionally on the journey.

“ ‘We’re greatest buddies with Rudy Giuliani,’ ” Scaramucci mentioned the 2 males instructed him. “ ‘We work with him on all the pieces.’ ”

Giuliani’s ties to the duo are actually beneath scrutiny by each federal prosecutors and congressional investigators in search of to unravel how two businessmen trailed by collectors and failed previous ventures got here to be on the heart of an increasing worldwide drama.

Giuliani has denied data of any wrongdoing. He mentioned Friday that he had seen the 2 males “very often.”

“I’ve no cause to imagine that they’re something apart from first rate guys,” he mentioned.

Parnas and Fruman, who made a short court docket look Thursday in Alexandria, haven’t entered a plea to the fees in opposition to them. 

Their new lawyer, John Dowd — who additionally beforehand served as a private lawyer for Trump — declined to answer quite a lot of questions concerning the two males, writing solely in an electronic mail, “You publish at your peril.”

Elite Trump circles

Parnas, 47, was born in Ukraine however moved together with his household to the U.S. as a toddler and grew up in Brooklyn. He instructed The Washington Submit in an interview carried out earlier than his arrest that he obtained his begin in actual property, promoting Trump condos for Donald Trump’s father, Fred, then labored in transport within the former Soviet Union earlier than turning into a securities dealer. He moved to Florida within the mid-1990s.

Individuals who encountered the 2 males lately mentioned that Parnas did a lot of the speaking and gave the impression to be the general public face of their U.S. partnership. However Parnas instructed The Submit that Fruman was the one with particularly deep connections in Ukraine.

Born in Belarus, Fruman, 53, owns a luxurious jewellery enterprise, a luxurious automotive dealership and a resort in Odessa, the port metropolis on the Black Sea. He additionally owns an import-export enterprise based mostly in New York.

Each males have been trailed by monetary issues, together with a lawsuit filed in opposition to them earlier this 12 months claiming they’d didn’t repay a $100,000 mortgage in 2018. The go well with has been settled. 

Parnas instructed The Submit that he obtained concerned within the Trump marketing campaign as a result of he admired the actual property developer, whom he mentioned he had met a number of occasions earlier than the election.

“I used to be actually passionate concerning the president,” he mentioned. “I began actually believing that he may actually make a change and make it occur. Then I jumped on the marketing campaign, donated cash and have become a extremely large believer.”

Now, Parnas mentioned, “I feel he’s going to go down as one of many biggest presidents ever, even with all this negativity.”

As for Giuliani, Parnas mentioned he had met the previous New York mayor through the marketing campaign however that the connection “bonded and constructed over time.”

“We’re simply very shut,” he mentioned, calling Giuliani “an excellent good friend.”

Giuliani mentioned Friday that he remembers first assembly Parnas and Fruman in “mid-to-late 2018” after a lawyer who’s a good friend referred them to him.

On the time, Giuliani mentioned, the boys had been ramping up an organization referred to as Fraud Assure, which might use specialised software program to establish attainable fraud in corporations.

“I do know so much about cybersecurity,” he mentioned. “In order that they needed my recommendation.”

Giuliani mentioned his safety consulting agency did “intense” work for the 2 males in 2018 and 2019, offering paid recommendation on learn how to construction their firm.

Across the identical time, the 2 males began appearing usually at elite Trump-related occasions and began to trace their travels on Fb and Instagram. Their posts have now been deleted, however had been captured by BuzzFeed and different information organizations earlier than they had been taken down.

Fruman posted images of himself at a Republican Nationwide Committee fundraiser at Trump’s property Mar-a-Lago in March 2018. In a single, he was standing in entrance of a Florida flag subsequent to Trump, who supplied two thumbs up for the digicam. 

That Could, Parnas posted images and movies on Fb that he wrote had been taken on the White Home, together with one in every of him beaming as he stood subsequent to the president between two American flags, giving a thumbs-up. “Thanks President Trump !!!” he wrote, including, “unbelievable dinner and even higher dialog.”

Ten days later, Fruman instructed the Brooklyn-based Russian-language publication Jewish World that the 2 males had been a part of a bunch of simply eight individuals who met privately with the president and mentioned the upcoming midterm elections. Fruman mentioned he additionally had mentioned Ukraine-U.S. relations on the dinner.

White Home officers declined to touch upon the occasion.

Later that month, Parnas posted a photograph of himself and Fruman breakfasting on the Beverly Hills Resort Polo Lounge with Donald Trump Jr. and Tommy Hicks Jr., an in depth good friend of the president’s son and prime RNC official. “#Trump2020,” he captioned the picture. 

An lawyer for Trump Jr. declined to remark. Hicks didn’t reply to requests for remark.

In an change with reporters outdoors the White Home on Thursday, Trump mentioned he doesn’t know Parnas and Fruman, dismissing the images of himself with the 2 males.

“I don’t know these gents,” Trump mentioned. “Now, it’s attainable I’ve an image with them, as a result of I’ve an image with all people. . . . I don’t learn about them; I don’t know what they do. I don’t know, possibly they had been shoppers of Rudy. You’d should ask Rudy.”

Parnas and Fruman had been additionally patrons of the president’s resort.

In a single five-week interval between September 2018 and October 2018, the 2 males racked up greater than $13,000 in costs on the Trump motels in New York and Washington, based on an individual acquainted with their funds, who spoke on the situation of anonymity to share non-public data.

In December, they attended a White Home Hanukkah social gathering, posting a photograph on social media that features Giuliani, Trump and Vice President Pence. A White Home aide mentioned the occasion was attended by lots of of individuals. 

The 2 males additionally started donating liberally to federal and state political committees, together with a $325,000 contribution in Could 2018 to the pro-Trump tremendous PAC America First Motion.

All instructed, the 2 and their vitality agency contributed no less than $630,000 to federal GOP candidates and PACs since 2016, marketing campaign finance filings present.

The cash additionally flowed to candidates in Nevada, Texas, West Virginia and Florida. Prosecutors now allege the marketing campaign contributions had been a part of an unlawful scheme to funnel international cash to “purchase potential affect with candidates, campaigns and the candidates’ governments,” based on the indictment.

The 2 males, together with two different associates, are charged with laundering cash by way of company financial institution accounts and utilizing straw donors to obscure the supply of their funds, together with unlawful international contributions.

Kelly Sadler, a spokeswoman for America First Motion, mentioned the tremendous PAC is putting the contribution it obtained in a segregated checking account “till these issues are resolved. We take our authorized obligations critically and scrupulously adjust to the legislation.”

Jay Sekulow, an lawyer for Trump, mentioned: “Because the indictment states, neither the President nor the [Trump] marketing campaign had been conscious of the allegations.”

Pitching a gasoline deal

Over the identical interval that they had been cultivating political ties, Parnas and Fruman had been concerned with a dizzying array of enterprise pursuits. 

Aside from Fraud Assure, they deliberate to launch a leisure marijuana enterprise in states resembling Nevada with the Russian nationwide, based on the indictment.

Parnas additionally obtained tens of hundreds of {dollars} final 12 months from the agency of Brian Ballard, a longtime Florida lobbyist who’s near Trump, based on an individual acquainted with Parnas’s funds. One other individual acquainted with the association mentioned Parnas was paid to refer attainable shoppers, however none had been linked to Ukraine.

In April 2018, the 2 males included their new firm, International Vitality Producers, which purportedly meant to promote liquefied pure gasoline. Shortly, the 2 started an effort to export American gasoline into Ukraine by way of Poland.

Efforts to carry extra U.S. gasoline to Europe — significantly Ukraine, to cut back its dependence on Russian vitality — have been a precedence for the Trump administration.

Neither Parnas nor Fruman had any specific expertise within the vitality world, however at an vitality convention in Houston in March, they made a pitch to Ukrainian state oil and gasoline big Naftogaz.

Parnas and Fruman approached a prime official at Naftogaz, Andrew Favorov, concerning their enterprise, in accordance Dale W. Perry, an American businessman near Favorov, in addition to one other an individual acquainted with the matter who spoke on the situation on anonymity to explain the non-public dialog.

Then, in a dialog first reported by the Related Press, Parnas and Fruman pitched their LNG enterprise and their hope to quickly see new management at Naftogaz that will be receptive to their proposal. They asserted that U.S. Ambassador to Ukraine Marie Yovanovitch, who opposed changing the corporate’s chief government, would quickly be gone.

By Could, Yovanovitch had been abruptly recalled from her publish on Trump’s orders.

The implication, based on the individual acquainted with the assembly, was that the boys would assist Favorov take the highest job at Naftogaz after which start promoting LNG to the Ukrainian state gasoline conglomerate.

Favorov declined the supply, Perry mentioned. He mentioned the Naftogaz official, a former enterprise associate, contacted him quickly afterward and described the encounter, which Favorov instructed Perry made him deeply uncomfortable.

Favorov and Perry had been significantly involved by the efforts of personal businessmen with private motivations to push for the ouster of Yovanovitch, who they view as a conscientious public servant, Perry mentioned.

“If she will be eliminated, then something is feasible now,” Perry mentioned. “The place is the rule of legislation? The place is the soundness?” Favorov couldn’t be reached for remark.

Parnas, chatting with The Submit earlier than his arrest, mentioned nothing finally got here of his efforts to launch the LNG enterprise in Ukraine, partly due to the eye he and Fruman obtained for his or her political actions with Giuliani.

“Now all people is scared to do enterprise with us,” Parnas mentioned.

Backing Giuliani’s efforts

The marketing campaign in opposition to Yovanovitch was embraced by Giuliani as a part of his broader effort to stress Ukraine to launch investigations into Trump’s political rivals. Parnas and Fruman assisted him in that undertaking.

“They had been serving to me so much in Ukraine,” Giuliani mentioned Friday.

In keeping with Parnas, he was sitting at lunch with Giuliani in late 2018 when the previous New York mayor was approached by an American with details about Ukraine. On studying of Giuliani’s curiosity in Ukraine, Parnas mentioned he then labored to attach Giuliani with individuals in Ukraine who had data he believed may help the trouble. 

“Me simply being subsequent to him, me being Russian talking and having enterprise there and understanding the tradition and in addition understanding loads of people and having loads of relationships by some means simply mainly steamrolled into me taking an lively position as a patriotic obligation,” Parnas mentioned. “And right here we are actually.”

Parnas has mentioned he helped arrange a name for Giuliani in January 2019 with Viktor Shokin, a former Ukrainian prosecutor who has alleged that he was fired in 2016 for investigating an organization whose board included former vice chairman Biden’s son Hunter. Parnas mentioned he and Fruman additionally linked Giuliani with Yuriy Lutsenko, who served as Ukraine’s prime prosecutor till August.

“We took it upon ourselves as our patriotic obligation, mainly, no matter data we may get, to move it on and to mainly validate it as greatest as we may,” Parnas mentioned.

Amongst different subjects, Parnas has mentioned he and Giuliani mentioned Yovanovich, who was faraway from her place in Could on Trump’s orders after a whisper marketing campaign that she was disloyal to the president.

Prosecutors mentioned Thursday that Parnas’s efforts to take away Yovanovich got here “no less than partly on the request of a number of Ukrainian authorities officers.”

In latest months, Parnas has turn into much more financially entangled with Giuliani and his allies. 

In an interview, Toensing mentioned she and her husband, lawyer Joe diGenova, retained Parnas this summer season to work as a translator as they signify Firtash, who has been charged in Illinois with bribing Indian officers associated to mining pursuits in that nation. He is combating extradition to the U.S. from Austria.

Firtash, who U.S. prosecutors have alleged in court docket paperwork is an “upper-echelon” affiliate of Russian organized crime, has denied wrongdoing. Earlier this 12 months, he employed Toensing and diGenova, who seem steadily on Fox Information and are near Giuliani.

Toensing mentioned she was “outraged” by the Justice Division costs in opposition to her shopper, including that “the Indian authorities has investigated” the bribery declare and filed no costs within the case. She mentioned Firtash’s Austrian extradition case included testimony from investigators who discovered that he had “no ties to organized crime.”

Toensing mentioned she met Parnas by way of Giuliani and tapped him “to be our translator to evaluation paperwork and to assist with Ukraine,” noting that “he speaks Russian and our shopper doesn’t converse English.”

Parnas and Fruman’s myriad political and enterprise ventures got here to an abrupt halt Wednesday.

The duo had lunched that day with Giuliani on the Trump Worldwide Resort in Washington, in accordance to the Wall Avenue Journal.

Hours later, they had been at Dulles Airport, about to board a airplane to Europe, when authorities within the hallway stopped them and requested to see their passports, based on an individual who noticed the encounter who spoke on the situation of anonymity due to the continued investigation.

Quickly, the individual mentioned, a couple of dozen plainclothes investigators converged on the scene, and the 2 males had been led away.

Alice Crites, Ashley Parker, Anu Narayanswamy and Matt Zapotosky contributed to this report.



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